An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a spaceflight program to lead, pilot or be a crew member of an expedition to space on a spacecraft.
The word "astronaut” comes from the Greek words astron, which means "star", and nautes, which means "sailor".
The first man to ever step foot on the moon was Neil Armstrong on 20th July 1969.
Neil Armstrong landed from the Eagle lunar landing module from Apollo 11.
People sent animals into space to see if it was safe for people to go into space.
The first animal in space was a dog.
Russian astronauts are called cosmonauts.
The first woman who went into space went in 1963 and her name was Valentina Tereshkova.
There are 6 people in space now. The people in space now are Scott Kelly from U.S.A and he is a flight engineer and has had 128 days in space, Mikhail Kornienko from Russia is a flight engineer and he has had 128 days in space, Gennady Padalka from Russia is a commander with 128 days in space. The other three people have only been in space for 11 days, their names are Kjell Lindgren, Oleg Kononenko, Kimiya Yui and they all flight engineer.